Showing posts with label Treatment. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Treatment. Show all posts

Ayurvedic Eye Treatment

Ayurvedic Eye Treatment
"One of the basic human rights, is the right to see. We have to ensure that no citizen goes blind needlessly or being blind does not remain so, if by reasonable deployment of skill and resources, his sight can be prevented from deteriorating or if already lost, can be restored."

- taken from National policy of India.

Science of ayurvedic ophthalmology goes hand in hand with this policy. There are some eye diseases,which leads to blindness. But if treated in time, with skill of experience, the sight can be protected; at least, minimize the deterioration.

The Target Disease Areas selected by Matha are based on the above principles. From our experience, Ayurveda can help in following conditions
Kindly Click on the above links to get a rough idea about what ayurveda has to offer for the above conditions. 

Ayurvedic Treatment for Short Sight (Nearsightedness)

Short sight is very very common nowadays. The main symptom is inability to see distant objects. Since the patient is able to see  objects only in short distance, the condition is commonly known as short sightedness or nearsightedness. The reason for this condition is a defect in refraction so that light rays are not converged properly on retina. Any mechanical aids such as glasses, contact lens etc are only supporting aids. That means, when the device is removed, the problem remains as such. Generally, short sight develops in childhood. As the child grows, the problem also grows and the glasses also should be changed (power of the glass is to be increased)

Ayurveda has a medicinal approach to this problem. There are different steps in the treatment : 

  1. Internal medicines – Internal medicines are aimed to improve the nervous system of the eye and thereby increase the functional capacity of the organ. 
  2. External treatment procedures – There are different treatment procedures for the treatment of ophthalmic procedures. Among these, nasyam, tharpanam, putapakam and aschotanam are selected for the treatment of short sight. The medicines selected for these procedures will be specific to the individual. Through these procedures, the refractive media are brought to normal stage so that the error in the refraction is controlled. 
  3. Practice eyeball movements – Practice of Scientifically arranged eyeball movements will maintain the flexibility and elasticity of eye muscles so that the curvature of the structures, movements of the structures etc can be maintained in normal position. 

A combined action of all these three steps will bring good results. 

Ayurvedic treatment for floaters in the eyes

Floaters means something which seems to be floating. In ophthalmology, this refers to a purely subjective symptom where the patient experiences small dark spots (sometimes other shapes also) in the visual field which are moving freely. In normal case, sometimes, this may be seen (one or two floaters) and it can be simply neglected. But, it is also developed as a symptom of an ophthalmic pathologic condition. 

Floaters can be seen in high myopia, dry eyes, degenerative myopia, thinning of retina, degeneration of retina etc. If headache, blurring of vision, pain, hypersensitivity towards light, etc are seen associated with floaters, the condition should be considered seriously. 

In Ayurveda, this can be considered as a vata predominant ophthalmic condition. In certain cases, there will be association of pitta or kapha also. The treatment is not for the floaters, but for the pathological condition which develop floaters as a symptom. So, the actual disease is to be found out before starting the treatment. It is possible only by examining the patient in detail. 

In short, the treatment may vary from one person to another even though they complain about the common symptom – floaters. 

Ayurvedic Treatment for Dry Eyes

Dry eye is very common nowadays. The main symptoms are foreign body sensation, itching in the eyes, feeling of dryness, occasional redness especially while exposure to light and dust, pain in the eyes, and eyestrain. 

Gradually, it leads to blurring of vision and difficulty to focus on bright objects and even unable to work on computer for a long time. In most cases, disturbed sleep is an associated symptom. Reason for dry eye are varied. Overwork with eyes, stress and tension, defective tear secretion, damage to surface layer of eyeball, atmospheric pollution, systemic disease which may influence the fluid system of the body etc are some of them. 

Since the reasons are varying, for a perfect treatment, the basic reason also should be considered. Anyway, vata is the predominant vitiated factor in this condition. By suitable vata samana treatment procedures, the eye can be made lubricant and moisturized. 

The aim of the treatment is 
  1. To clear the channels so that circulation and thereby nourishment of the structure is maintained. 
  2. Activate the glands to ensure the normal secretions for moistening the eyes. 

Sirodhara, brimhana nasyam, sirovasthi, netra tharpanam, etc are the main treatment procedures for the management of dry eyes. The medicines for the procedures should be selected according to the clinical stage of the disease, prakriti of the patient, and the basic reason for the disease. 

Note : if the condition becomes progressive and worse, chances of getting infection is very high. Then the treatment will be more tough. The same(earlier the better) is highly valuable in the treatment of dry eyes. 

Ayurvedic Treatment for keratokonus

Keratoconus is a condition in which the cornea of the eyeball becomes conical in shape. Naturally, the shape should be spherical. It may be congenital (by birth), or acquired (developed later). The main reason for this condition is considered to be the progressive thinning of the cornea. Since the curvature of the cornea has an important role in refraction, and focusing the light rays on the retina, and thereby maintaining normal vision, any defect in the shape will create visual problems. It cannot be corrected with glass and even by contact lenses. 

In Ayurveda, the condition can be diagnosed as the vitiation of vata which affects the cornea. So, vata samana treatment procedures are selected for the management of keratoconus. The aim of the treatment is :

  1. To strengthen the cornea so that it will not bulge outwards and will keep the normal shape. 
  2. Improve the functional capacity of the organ including the nervous system so as to improve the vision. 

To achieve the above aims, there are various methods in Ayurveda : 

  1. Internal medicines – These are selected according to the condition of the patient and clinical stage of the disease. 
  2. External treatment procedures – From among the various treatment procedures, aschotanam, netra tharpanam, and putapakam are highly useful in keratoconus. The medicines for these procedures should be selected by an experienced hand only. 
  3. Practice scientifically arranged eyeball movements so that the shape of the eyeball can be kept intact. 

All the above three steps together will serve the purpose. 

Ayurvedic Treatment for Degenerative Myopia

Myopia, otherwise known as shortsightedness is a common condition, known to almost everybody. 

But the term ‘Degenerative Myopia’ is unknown to most. Myopia is mainly of two types :

  1. Physiological myopia or simple myopia
  2. Pathological myopia or degenerative myopia

Among these, degenerative myopia is the most dangerous. Here, the vision will be decreasing gradually. It is not simply due to the anatomical variations of the structures (cornea, lens etc.), but there will be degenerative changes in the retinal layer in this condition. 

In the initial stage, there will be correction with glasses and so the patient will be unaware of its seriousness

Most often, glasses would be changed once in a year and sometimes once in six months (about -1 to -1.5 at a time). After a particular stage, it is seen that there is no further correction with glass. Only in this stage, the patient becomes aware of the seriousness of the condition. 

By the time, the ‘Power’ of the glass would have attained above -10 D. The patient start to think of alternative methods other than glasses in this stage. 

Other than decreased distant vision, there are symptoms such as eye strain, pain in the eye, headache, floaters (moving dark spots in front of the eye), watering of the eyes, difficulty to face bright light, etc. sometimes, there will be flashes of light in front of the eyes. 

After this stage, the disease may turn to a complicated stage in which there are possibilities for retinal detachment, optic atrophy, etc. These pathological changes are capable of leading to blindness. 

Ayurveda can offer good result in the management of degenerative myopia. According to the principles, it is vata-pitta predominant drishtigatha rogam. The line of treatment is rasayana and chakshushya. The procedures are selected to strengthen the sclera, and to arrest the degenerative changes in the retina. If handled correctly, the vision will be improved to a significant level.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis Pigmentosa is a very dangerous degenerative condition of the retina. So itself, prevention of the disease is not an easy task. 

The disease has a long but slow progress and if not handled in time by an experience hand, it is capable of leading to blindness. 

Degeneration of the retinal cells, especially the rod photo receptors is the primary change and later, the cone photo receptors also get involved.

In most cases, night blindness will be the initial symptom. Later, there will be decrease in the peripheral visual field and also the patient becomes the victim of colour blindness. In some cases, the central vision may persist until the last stage of the disease.

According to ayurvedic theory, this condition can be described in three stages.

  1. Stage of kapha predominance (kapha vidaghdha drishti) – In this stage, the predominant dosha is kapha and main symptom is night blindness. The treatment should be focused on kapha sodhana. If treated otherwise, the patient would be thrown into a dangerous situation.
  2. Stage of pitta-predominance with kapha anubandha – Here, other visual symptoms starts. Pitta also comes into the picture. Decrease in vision, decrease in visual field, colour blindness, etc. will be the main symptoms. Here, pitta-samana treatment should be implemented. According to the prakriti of the patient, and his habits, the treatment schedule may vary. Habit of bath, oil application on head, sleep, journey, etc should be rearranged to support the treatment.
  3. Third stage of tridosha predominance – In this stage, vata also get vitiated and symptoms of all the three doshas will be produced. There would be considerable decrease in vision, colour blindness, and also field loss. The patient will be in a stage where he cannot move freely. Only central vision will be persisting in most cases. Here, rasayana therapy should be the line of treatment. Vata-pitta samana, rasayana and chakshushya treatments are advised. Lifelong medications and treatments are necessary to prevent blindness once the disease has attained this stage.

Ayurvedic Treatment For Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition in which the intra-ocular pressure of the eye increases and there are changes in the retina especially in the optic disc. 

These changes are enough to derange the functional system of the eye and if it progresses, it is capable of leading to blindness.

Glaucoma is mainly of two types :

  1. Open angle Glaucoma or simple chronic glaucoma – It seems to be a silent enemy. The onset is gradual and without considerable symptoms and hence most of the patients will be unaware of the development of the disease. In the very early stage, there will be no visual symptoms. Mild headache, heaviness of the head, feeling of fullness in the eye more in the morning or evening etc are the symptoms. Gradually, visual symptoms start to develop. Decrease in distant vision, and decrease in visual field, esp, peripheral are the main symptoms. As the symptoms increases, the patient moves towards blindness.
  2. Closed angle Glaucoma or acute congestive glaucoma – Here, the onset is sudden. In most cases redness of the eye, congestion of the vessels, severe pain, photo phobia, headache etc are the main symptoms. If not handled with care, there are chances of loss of vision within a few days.

In ayurveda, glaucoma comes under the head – Adhimandha. According to the predominant dosha, and the associated symptoms, adhimandha is classified as vatadhimandha, pittadhimandha, kaphadhimandha and rakthadhimandha. The treatment for each condition is different from one other. So, the signs and symptoms of a particular case should be analysed properly on the basis of tridosha theory and confirm the predominant dosha. Only after that, treatment can be started. That means, treatment may vary from one individual to another.

In vatadhimandha, vata samana and snigdha therapies are preferable. In pittadhimandha, pitta rakta sodhana therapy should be administered. In kaphadhimandha, kapha sodhana and siro virechana procedures are advised. In rakthadhimandha, rakthasodhana should be the first choice. Internal medicines, generally sodhana in nature also is compulsory. Appropriate dietary schedule and regulations in other habitual factors also is necessary.

Ayurvedic Treatment For Diabetic Retinopathy

Even though Diabetic Retinopathy starts as a complication of diabetes mellitus, later, it turns to attain a separate identity. 

That means, after a level, even though even though diabetes is under control, diabetic retinopathy may progress in its own way.

 If not handled in time, in correct way, it is capable of leading to blindness. So, once the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy is manifested, it should be handled with extreme care.

Matha Ayurveda Eye Hospitals have a successful line of approach for prevention of retinopathy in diabetic patients and also treatment methods to protect the vision in a diabetic retinopathy affected patient.

Initial stage of diabetic retinopathy is missed in most cases. The reason is that vision is not affected seriously i n this stage because the patient will be concentrating only on the blood sugar level. 

It is to be remembered that even though blood sugar level is within normal limits, there are chances of developing diabetic retinopathy in a diabetic patient. There are many factors influencing development of diabetic retinopathy : 

  • Chronicity of diabetes
  • Severity of diabetes
  • Hereditary factor
  • Body constitution – Dosha prakrithi
  • Environmental and occupational factors
  • Stress and strain
  • Dietary and other habitual factors.

It is the duty of a diabetologist to direct a diabetic patient for consultation with a ophthalmologist even though there is no ophthalmic complaints. 

The very initial symptoms are mild headache, eye strain while reading, working in front of computer, watching T.V etc, fullness and heaviness of the head and eye, esp in the early morning, hypersensitivity to bright light, watering of the eye while straining, etc. 

Further development of the disease depends on the above said factors. The pathological changes are mainly dilation of the vessels, congestion of the retinal vessels, blockages in the microsvascular system in the retina, retinal oedema, haemorrhages, exudates formation, neovascularisation etc. In the later stage, there may be macular hole, retinal detachment ,and other degenerative changes.

According to ayuveda, the course of diabetic retinopathy can be classified into three stages :

  1. Initial stage of kapha predominance (Nethrabhyshyanda) – Here, there will not be considerable ophthalmic symptoms. Only an experienced doctor can diagnose this condition. The line of treatment should be sira-sodhanam. Nasyam, Gandoosham, kabalam, etc are more preferable in this stage than ophthalmic applications.
  2. Stage of pitta predominance – Usually, the patients come to an eye specialist in this stage. There will be considerable visual problems. The patient may experience blurring of vision, sudden decrease in vision, metamorphopsia, sometimes burning sensation in the eye, photo phobia, etc. Here, pitta is the predominant dosha and pittasamana should be the line of treatment. Sirodhara, Netrasekam, vitalakam , Aschotanam, thalom, etc are preferable. Alongside, the patient has to follow strict dietary regulations. i.e, simple medication is not enough, the dietary factors, other habitual factors such as head bath, sleep, journey, oil application etc should be arranged according to the specific features of the particular individual. The factors should vary from individual to individual. Only an experience person can do this. If this stage is handled correctly, there is no chance of further complications and visual loss.
  3. Third stage of tridosha predominance or stage of complications – If the second stage is not handled correctly, and the etiological factors continue, the disease turns to complications. Here, a strict line of treatment is not possible. The treatment varies according to the particular complication. For e.g., if it is detachment, vata predominant should be considered seriously, if there is neo-vascularisation, pitta should be considered more, if there is fluid accumulation, kapha should be taken seriously. The treatment should vary accordingly.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is now one of the major causes of blindness. It is now in the first place among the causes of blindness in the working group of population. 

In most cases, the early stage of the disease will be missed by the patients, because there will not be any serious visual problem in the very early stage. Only when the vision is seriously affected, the victim becomes aware of the condition. 

The usual symptoms are :

  • Blurring and decrease in vision especially in distant vision
  • Unable to look at bright light, especially sunlight
  • Certain areas in the visual field may be missing.
  • Distortion of the vision. i.e., straight line will be seen curved of zig-zagged.
  • Shape of the object may seem to be changed. i.e., sometimes objects may be seen large or small in size.
  • Darkness in the centre of the visual field, so the patient would be unable to see the focusing object. Gradually, the central darkness may increase in size and lead to total blackout.

Clinically, it can be described under two heads :

  1. Dry ARMD (atrophic type)
  2. Wet ARMD (Haemorrhagic type)

Dry ARMD is usually gradual in onset leading to blindness. When examined, hard exudates will be seen on the retina. In the case of wet ARMD, the onset will be sudden and there will be haemorrhage in the retina.

According to ayurvedic theories, macular degeneration is Vata-pitta predominant. In the case of dry type, vitiation of vata is more. So, Vata-Samana chikitsa concentrating on the head and eye is necessary to manage the case. For this, Brimhana nasyam, siro vasthi, siro dhara, nethra tharpanam, etc. are beneficial. 

But the medicine for each of these procedure should be selected very carefully because the medicine varies according to the body constitution of the patient, age of the patient, mental status of the patient, etc. etc. 

If there are any other systemic diseases, that also should be considered seriousely while selecting the medicines. In the case of wet type, pitta is more predominant and so, the medicine should be selected accordingly. 

Pittasamana, chakshushya and rasayana drugs are suitable for this. The treatment procedures should be mainly ksheeradhara, netrasekam, vitalakom, etc.