Ayurvedic Treatment For Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition in which the intra-ocular pressure of the eye increases and there are changes in the retina especially in the optic disc. 

These changes are enough to derange the functional system of the eye and if it progresses, it is capable of leading to blindness.

Glaucoma is mainly of two types :

  1. Open angle Glaucoma or simple chronic glaucoma – It seems to be a silent enemy. The onset is gradual and without considerable symptoms and hence most of the patients will be unaware of the development of the disease. In the very early stage, there will be no visual symptoms. Mild headache, heaviness of the head, feeling of fullness in the eye more in the morning or evening etc are the symptoms. Gradually, visual symptoms start to develop. Decrease in distant vision, and decrease in visual field, esp, peripheral are the main symptoms. As the symptoms increases, the patient moves towards blindness.
  2. Closed angle Glaucoma or acute congestive glaucoma – Here, the onset is sudden. In most cases redness of the eye, congestion of the vessels, severe pain, photo phobia, headache etc are the main symptoms. If not handled with care, there are chances of loss of vision within a few days.

In ayurveda, glaucoma comes under the head – Adhimandha. According to the predominant dosha, and the associated symptoms, adhimandha is classified as vatadhimandha, pittadhimandha, kaphadhimandha and rakthadhimandha. The treatment for each condition is different from one other. So, the signs and symptoms of a particular case should be analysed properly on the basis of tridosha theory and confirm the predominant dosha. Only after that, treatment can be started. That means, treatment may vary from one individual to another.

In vatadhimandha, vata samana and snigdha therapies are preferable. In pittadhimandha, pitta rakta sodhana therapy should be administered. In kaphadhimandha, kapha sodhana and siro virechana procedures are advised. In rakthadhimandha, rakthasodhana should be the first choice. Internal medicines, generally sodhana in nature also is compulsory. Appropriate dietary schedule and regulations in other habitual factors also is necessary.