Ayurvedic Treatment for Short Sight (Nearsightedness)

Short sight is very very common nowadays. The main symptom is inability to see distant objects. Hence, this condition is also called nearsightedness. The reason for short sight is a defect in refraction. Light rays are not converged on retina.
Mechanical aids such as glasses, contact lens etc are only supporting aids. When we remove such aids, the problem still remains. Generally, short sight develops in childhood. As child grows, the problem also grows. So does the power of glasses.

Ayurvedic treatment for shortsight at Matha  follows a medicinal approach. The different steps in  ayurvedic treatment are summarized as :
  1. Internal ayurvedic medicines to improve nervous system of eyes. This in turn increases the functional capacity of the organ. 
  2. External ayurvedic treatment procedures. Nasyam, tharpanam, putapakam, aschotanam, sekam etc are just few of them. Medicines selected for these procedures will be specific to the individual. These procedures bring back the refractive media to normal stage. This controls the error in refraction.
  3. Practice of eyeball movements. Scientific eyeball movements  maintain the flexibility and elasticity of eye muscles.  This helps to maintain curvature and movement of structures in normal position. 

A combined action of all these three steps will bring good results.

Ayurvedic treatment for floaters in the eyes

Patients experience floaters as small dark spots in visual field. Other shapes are also seen. Floaters are free moving. In eye treatment, this is a very subjective symptom. Doctors rely only on patient words to evaluate intensity of floaters. Systematic ayurvedic treatment for eye floaters solves this problem only after considering its root cause. 
Floaters  are symptoms of typical pathological conditions of eye. They are a warning that our eyes need treatment. Floaters are seen  in high myopia, degenerative myopia and dry eye conditions. They are also seen when thinning of retina or degeneration of retina occurs.   Certain symptoms, if associated with floaters indicate seriousness of clinical stage. Headache, blurring of vision, eye pain and hypersensitivity towards light are such symptoms.

In ayurveda, floaters is diagnosed as a vata predominant ophthalmic condition. Association of pitta or kapha are also seen. The exact diagnosis and clinical stage are confirmed during first phase of treatment. In the next phase, treatment is NOT for floaters. Treatment is for that particular pathology which caused floaters. So, confirmation of source of floaters is vital before start of ayurvedic treatment. In the third phase, eyes are strengthened to prevent further onset.

Ayurvedic treatment for floaters varies from person to person. The reason is simple. The source of floaters is different for each person. Matha ayurveda eye hospital has a successful treatment protocol for treating eye floaters. Treating the reason for floaters is our primary objective. On achieving this goal, floaters get cured automatically.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Dry Eyes

Dry eye is very common nowadays. The main symptoms are foreign body sensation, itching in the eyes, feeling of dryness, occasional redness especially while exposure to light and dust, pain in the eyes, and eyestrain. 

Gradually, it leads to blurring of vision and difficulty to focus on bright objects and even unable to work on computer for a long time. In most cases, disturbed sleep is an associated symptom. Reason for dry eye are varied. Overwork with eyes, stress and tension, defective tear secretion, damage to surface layer of eyeball, atmospheric pollution, systemic disease which may influence the fluid system of the body etc are some of them. 

Since the reasons are varying, for a perfect treatment, the basic reason also should be considered. Anyway, vata is the predominant vitiated factor in this condition. By suitable vata samana treatment procedures, the eye can be made lubricant and moisturized. 

The aim of the treatment is 
  1. To clear the channels so that circulation and thereby nourishment of the structure is maintained. 
  2. Activate the glands to ensure the normal secretions for moistening the eyes. 

Sirodhara, brimhana nasyam, sirovasthi, netra tharpanam, etc are the main treatment procedures for the management of dry eyes. The medicines for the procedures should be selected according to the clinical stage of the disease, prakriti of the patient, and the basic reason for the disease. 

Note : if the condition becomes progressive and worse, chances of getting infection is very high. Then the treatment will be more tough. The same(earlier the better) is highly valuable in the treatment of dry eyes. 

Ayurvedic Treatment for keratokonus

Keratoconus is a condition in which the cornea of the eyeball becomes conical in shape. Naturally, the shape should be spherical. It may be congenital (by birth), or acquired (developed later). The main reason for this condition is considered to be the progressive thinning of the cornea. Since the curvature of the cornea has an important role in refraction, and focusing the light rays on the retina, and thereby maintaining normal vision, any defect in the shape will create visual problems. It cannot be corrected with glass and even by contact lenses. 

In Ayurveda, the condition can be diagnosed as the vitiation of vata which affects the cornea. So, vata samana treatment procedures are selected for the management of keratoconus. The aim of the treatment is :

  1. To strengthen the cornea so that it will not bulge outwards and will keep the normal shape. 
  2. Improve the functional capacity of the organ including the nervous system so as to improve the vision. 

To achieve the above aims, there are various methods in Ayurveda : 

  1. Internal medicines – These are selected according to the condition of the patient and clinical stage of the disease. 
  2. External treatment procedures – From among the various treatment procedures, aschotanam, netra tharpanam, and putapakam are highly useful in keratoconus. The medicines for these procedures should be selected by an experienced hand only. 
  3. Practice scientifically arranged eyeball movements so that the shape of the eyeball can be kept intact. 

All the above three steps together will serve the purpose. 

Ayurvedic Treatment for Degenerative Myopia

Myopia, otherwise known as shortsightedness is a common condition, known to almost everybody. 

But the term ‘Degenerative Myopia’ is unknown to most. Myopia is mainly of two types :

  1. Physiological myopia or simple myopia
  2. Pathological myopia or degenerative myopia

Among these, degenerative myopia is the most dangerous. Here, the vision will be decreasing gradually. It is not simply due to the anatomical variations of the structures (cornea, lens etc.), but there will be degenerative changes in the retinal layer in this condition. 

In the initial stage, there will be correction with glasses and so the patient will be unaware of its seriousness

Most often, glasses would be changed once in a year and sometimes once in six months (about -1 to -1.5 at a time). After a particular stage, it is seen that there is no further correction with glass. Only in this stage, the patient becomes aware of the seriousness of the condition. 

By the time, the ‘Power’ of the glass would have attained above -10 D. The patient start to think of alternative methods other than glasses in this stage. 

Other than decreased distant vision, there are symptoms such as eye strain, pain in the eye, headache, floaters (moving dark spots in front of the eye), watering of the eyes, difficulty to face bright light, etc. sometimes, there will be flashes of light in front of the eyes. 

After this stage, the disease may turn to a complicated stage in which there are possibilities for retinal detachment, optic atrophy, etc. These pathological changes are capable of leading to blindness. 

Ayurveda can offer good result in the management of degenerative myopia. According to the principles, it is vata-pitta predominant drishtigatha rogam. The line of treatment is rasayana and chakshushya. The procedures are selected to strengthen the sclera, and to arrest the degenerative changes in the retina. If handled correctly, the vision will be improved to a significant level.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis Pigmentosa is a very dangerous degenerative condition of the retina. So itself, prevention of the disease is not an easy task. 

The disease has a long but slow progress and if not handled in time by an experience hand, it is capable of leading to blindness. 

Degeneration of the retinal cells, especially the rod photo receptors is the primary change and later, the cone photo receptors also get involved.

In most cases, night blindness will be the initial symptom. Later, there will be decrease in the peripheral visual field and also the patient becomes the victim of colour blindness. In some cases, the central vision may persist until the last stage of the disease.

According to ayurvedic theory, this condition can be described in three stages.

  1. Stage of kapha predominance (kapha vidaghdha drishti) – In this stage, the predominant dosha is kapha and main symptom is night blindness. The treatment should be focused on kapha sodhana. If treated otherwise, the patient would be thrown into a dangerous situation.
  2. Stage of pitta-predominance with kapha anubandha – Here, other visual symptoms starts. Pitta also comes into the picture. Decrease in vision, decrease in visual field, colour blindness, etc. will be the main symptoms. Here, pitta-samana treatment should be implemented. According to the prakriti of the patient, and his habits, the treatment schedule may vary. Habit of bath, oil application on head, sleep, journey, etc should be rearranged to support the treatment.
  3. Third stage of tridosha predominance – In this stage, vata also get vitiated and symptoms of all the three doshas will be produced. There would be considerable decrease in vision, colour blindness, and also field loss. The patient will be in a stage where he cannot move freely. Only central vision will be persisting in most cases. Here, rasayana therapy should be the line of treatment. Vata-pitta samana, rasayana and chakshushya treatments are advised. Lifelong medications and treatments are necessary to prevent blindness once the disease has attained this stage.

Ayurvedic Treatment For Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition in which the intra-ocular pressure of the eye increases and there are changes in the retina especially in the optic disc. 

These changes are enough to derange the functional system of the eye and if it progresses, it is capable of leading to blindness.

Glaucoma is mainly of two types :

  1. Open angle Glaucoma or simple chronic glaucoma – It seems to be a silent enemy. The onset is gradual and without considerable symptoms and hence most of the patients will be unaware of the development of the disease. In the very early stage, there will be no visual symptoms. Mild headache, heaviness of the head, feeling of fullness in the eye more in the morning or evening etc are the symptoms. Gradually, visual symptoms start to develop. Decrease in distant vision, and decrease in visual field, esp, peripheral are the main symptoms. As the symptoms increases, the patient moves towards blindness.
  2. Closed angle Glaucoma or acute congestive glaucoma – Here, the onset is sudden. In most cases redness of the eye, congestion of the vessels, severe pain, photo phobia, headache etc are the main symptoms. If not handled with care, there are chances of loss of vision within a few days.

In ayurveda, glaucoma comes under the head – Adhimandha. According to the predominant dosha, and the associated symptoms, adhimandha is classified as vatadhimandha, pittadhimandha, kaphadhimandha and rakthadhimandha. The treatment for each condition is different from one other. So, the signs and symptoms of a particular case should be analysed properly on the basis of tridosha theory and confirm the predominant dosha. Only after that, treatment can be started. That means, treatment may vary from one individual to another.

In vatadhimandha, vata samana and snigdha therapies are preferable. In pittadhimandha, pitta rakta sodhana therapy should be administered. In kaphadhimandha, kapha sodhana and siro virechana procedures are advised. In rakthadhimandha, rakthasodhana should be the first choice. Internal medicines, generally sodhana in nature also is compulsory. Appropriate dietary schedule and regulations in other habitual factors also is necessary.

Ayurvedic Treatment For Diabetic Retinopathy

Systematic ayurvedic treatment for diabetic retinopathy has three benefits. It prevents the onset, preserves the existing vision and regains lost vision. The stage when a patient starts treatment is very crucial. Outcome of treatment depends on it. Earlier the treatment, better the results.

The first doubt most diabetic patients have is - will I get retinopathy ? The answer to this question is not simple. It will vary from person to person. According to ayurveda, factors contributing to development of diabetic retinopathy are:
  • Chronicity of diabetes
  • Severity of diabetes
  • Hereditary factors
  • Body constitution – Dosha prakrithi
  • Environmental and occupational factors
  • Stress and strain
  • Dietary and other habitual factors.
First stage of diabetic retinopathy starts as a complication of diabetes mellitus. It has no warning signs before onset. Proactive diabetic patients undergo regular eye checkups. Even if they have no vision problems. This helps to identify symptoms even before start of  vision loss. At Matha, we have identified the initial symptoms of retinopathy from our past treatment experience. Mild headache and eye strain while reading is main among them. Strain while working on computer and watching T.V come next. Fullness, heaviness of head and eye, particularly in early morning are also warning signs. Hypersensitivity to bright light and watering of the eyes are also typical symptoms. Getting opportunity to start treatment at this early stage is really valuable. It helps prevent the disease altogether. Matha follows clinically proven ayurvedic treatments for diabetic retinopathy in this stage. According to ayurvedic science, this is the initial stage of kapha predominance. It is also known as Nethrabhyshyandha. The line of treatment is sira-sodhanam. Treatments like Nasyam, Gandoosham, kabalam, etc. are more preferable than ophthalmic applications.

Diabetic retinopathy progresses to second stage if patients are unable to control it in the first stage. Extend of this progress depends on the various contributing factors. They were described before. From our experience, there are typical symptoms at this stage also. They are blurring of vision and metamorphopsia. Burning sensation in the eye and photo phobia are also seen. Primary pathological change seen in this stage is dilation of vessels. Other changes such as congestion of retinal vessels and blockages in microvascular system of retina are also seen. Retinal edema, hemorrhages, exudates and neovascular changes are also common. Treatments starting in the third stage will have to concentrate on two distinct aspects. Firstly to preserve and protect existing vision. Secondly to regain lost vision. According to ayurveda, pitta is the predominant dosha in this stage. Pittasamana must be the line of treatment. Treatments done are Sirodhara, netrasekam, vitalakam aschotanam, and thalam. Strict dietary restrictions are also needed. Medication and diet control are not enough in this stage. Other precautions and care are also needed. For e.g., habitual factors like headbath, sleep, journey and oil application are to be organized. Only an experienced ayurvedic ophthalmologist can do it correctly. Systematic treatment at this stage avoids further vision loss and complications. Matha has successful treatments to protect the vision of affected patients.

In the third stage, patients experience severe problems. Macular hole, retinal detachment, and other degenerative changes are main among them. The disease has now turned to a complication. This happens when retinopathy is not properly treated in second stage. Continuation of etiological factors is another important reason for proceeding to third stage. Now, a strict line of treatment is not possible. Ayurvedic treatment for diabetic retinopathy varies according to complication. For e.g., for the complications of detachment, treatment is on a vata predominant approach. For neo-vascularisation, pitta is considered more. For fluid accumilation, kapha is taken seriously. Systematic and high level ayurvedic treatments tailor made for each specific complication is needed at this point. The expected results will confirmed after a detailed assessment of the patient.

It is clear that preventive approach is the best option in ayurveda for treating diabetic retinopathy. With each passing stage, the hurdles in treatment keep on increasing.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is now one of the major causes of blindness. It is now in the first place among the causes of blindness in the working group of population. 

In most cases, the early stage of the disease will be missed by the patients, because there will not be any serious visual problem in the very early stage. Only when the vision is seriously affected, the victim becomes aware of the condition. 

The usual symptoms are :

  • Blurring and decrease in vision especially in distant vision
  • Unable to look at bright light, especially sunlight
  • Certain areas in the visual field may be missing.
  • Distortion of the vision. i.e., straight line will be seen curved of zig-zagged.
  • Shape of the object may seem to be changed. i.e., sometimes objects may be seen large or small in size.
  • Darkness in the centre of the visual field, so the patient would be unable to see the focusing object. Gradually, the central darkness may increase in size and lead to total blackout.

Clinically, it can be described under two heads :

  1. Dry ARMD (atrophic type)
  2. Wet ARMD (Haemorrhagic type)

Dry ARMD is usually gradual in onset leading to blindness. When examined, hard exudates will be seen on the retina. In the case of wet ARMD, the onset will be sudden and there will be haemorrhage in the retina.

According to ayurvedic theories, macular degeneration is Vata-pitta predominant. In the case of dry type, vitiation of vata is more. So, Vata-Samana chikitsa concentrating on the head and eye is necessary to manage the case. For this, Brimhana nasyam, siro vasthi, siro dhara, nethra tharpanam, etc. are beneficial. 

But the medicine for each of these procedure should be selected very carefully because the medicine varies according to the body constitution of the patient, age of the patient, mental status of the patient, etc. etc. 

If there are any other systemic diseases, that also should be considered seriousely while selecting the medicines. In the case of wet type, pitta is more predominant and so, the medicine should be selected accordingly. 

Pittasamana, chakshushya and rasayana drugs are suitable for this. The treatment procedures should be mainly ksheeradhara, netrasekam, vitalakom, etc.

Eye Care Tips

Everybody is well aware of the importance of the eye, but the number of visually handicapped due to various reasons is increasing all over the world. 

  • That means the existing measures and technologies are not enough to solve the problem. 
  • Secondly, people are not giving due importance to preventive measures.

“Prevention is better than cure” is highly significant in the case of eye diseases. When we think of eye care measures, we have to consider two separate groups:

  1. Healthy Persons
    1. Eye care tips for Children
    2. Eye care tips for Youth
    3. Eye care tips for Old Age Persons (Senior Citizens)
  2. Patents with Systemic Diseases

Eye Care Tips For Children

Eye Care Tips for Children

Eye care Tips regarding watching TV, computer etc…

  • Never allow them to read in the lying position
  • Do not allow them to watch TV in the lying position
  • Keep the TV at a height so that it is not too above or below the level of the eye of the child
  • Reading in a moving vehicle should not be allowed.
  • While viewing TV, keep your child atleast 3 meters away
  • Please do not compel the child to read or write before the age of 4 (four) years
  • While working on a computer, let the screen be straight in front of the eyes.
  • Use LCD screen as far as possible.

Eye care tips on daily routines….

  • While going to bed and after rising from bed in the morning, wash the face, eyes and legs with clean water.
  • Have headbath with cold water daily.
  • Apply a little oil on head and massage gently before bath.
  • If you are using medicated oil, it should be strictly against the direction of a doctor.
  • To apply little oil on the foot, either before bath or at bedtime is very good.
  • If there is habit of swimming, goggles are compulsory.

Eye care tips on diet..

  • Confirm that your kid takes food at correct time daily
  • Do not give fried items in empty stomach
  • Avoid too much hot and spicy items. E.g. pickles, masalas etc.
  • Meat of birds is better than other types of meat.
  • Better to use steamed or boiled food than fried items.
  • Make sure fruits are included in the daily menu
  • Green vegetables is absolutely necessary for a healthy eye
  • Cut short junk food.
  • Give supper atleast 2 hours before going to bed.
  • Make sure children take enough water daily

Eye Care Tips For Youth (Young Generation)

Eye Care Tips for Youth

  • Don’t forget to use plain glasses while riding two wheeler.
  • If on long journey in hot season, use sun glasses.
  • Avoid using headphones while driving.
  • Don’t sit continuously for a long period in front of computer or TV Please give at least 5 minutes rest after one hour.
  • During night, while reading or working on computer let the light source be from behind the head.
  • Smoking is very harmful for your eyes .
  • Don’t stare at images on TV and computer. Practice the habit of blinking the eyes frequently.
  • Keep correct distance and height of TV screen and computer screen.
  • Please obey time schedule for sleep and food.
  • Avoid exposure to too cold (e.g. Air conditioner) while body is too hot and vice versa.
  • Do not take cold water bath just when body is too hot (after play, gym etc)
  • Do not take cold items especially cool drinks while body is sweating.
  • Whenever sweating, wipe off thoroughly before allowing to evaporate
  • Make sure that your helmet has cotton layer inside.
  • Do not forget to wash your face and eye with clean water before going to bed.

Eye Care Tips For Senior Citizens

Eye Care tips for Senior Citizens

Senility is the period when you have to give extreme care for your eyes because there are many eye diseases which may arise at any time without any prior sanction. 

So it is necessary to have a regular doctor so that you can have a routine consultation or checkup with him. 

Whenever you feel any ophthalmic symptoms, however mild it may be, inform your doctor so that he can direct you to the appropriate place.

Our first advice for you is – "Never use any medicine in the eyes without consulting a doctor. Do not run behind advertisements"

Because there are chances of developing different types of eye diseases in senility. So, we have to be careful.The eye diseases you have to be careful of are :

  • Cataract – it is the opacity of lens.
  • Glaucoma – it is increase in the Intra ocular pressure
  • Age related macular degeneration (ARMD) – It is the degeneration of the retinal cells.

In ayurveda, the only medicine you can take without consultation for eye is “Triphala”. There are different types of preparations available in the market. Triphala choornam, Triphala grithm, Triphala lehyam, Triphala tablet, Triphala capsule, Triphala kashayam etc. Only an expert ophthalmologist can say which form is suitable for you.

There are some points you have to keep in mind.

  • Ensure good sleep atleast 6 hours per day.
  • Avoid stress and strain
  • Do not give overload to your eyes
  • Cut short the time for watching TV, computer etc.
  • During journey, don’t focus at distant objects. Keep your eyes closed (if not driving) as far as possible
  • Avoid driving in the night.
  • Do not sit awakened in the night for watching TV or reading.
  • Do not forget to apply suitable oil on head before bath.