Ayurvedic Treatment for Degenerative Myopia

Myopia, otherwise known as short sightedness is a common condition, known to almost everybody. 

But the term ‘Degenerative Myopia’ is unknown to most. Myopia is mainly of two types :

  1. Physiological myopia or simple myopia
  2. Pathological myopia or degenerative myopia


Among these, degenerative myopia is the most dangerous. Here, the vision will be decreasing gradually. It is not simply due to the anatomical variations of the structures (cornea, lens etc.), but there will be degenerative changes in the retinal layer in this condition. 

In the initial stage, there will be correction with glasses and so the patient will be unaware of its seriousness

Most often, glasses would be changed once in a year and sometimes once in six months (about -1 to -1.5 at a time). After a particular stage, it is seen that there is no further correction with glass. Only in this stage, the patient becomes aware of the seriousness of the condition. 

By the time, the ‘Power’ of the glass would have attained above -10 D. The patient start to think of alternative methods other than glasses in this stage. 

Other than decreased distant vision, there are symptoms such as eye strain, pain in the eye, headache, floaters (moving dark spots in front of the eye), watering of the eyes, difficulty to face bright light, etc. sometimes, there will be flashes of light in front of the eyes. 

After this stage, the disease may turn to a complicated stage in which there are possibilities for retinal detachment, optic atrophy, etc. These pathological changes are capable of leading to blindness. 

Ayurveda can offer good result in the management of degenerative myopia. According to the principles, it is vata-pitta predominant drishtigatha rogam. The line of treatment is rasayana and chakshushya. The procedures are selected to strengthen the sclera, and to arrest the degenerative changes in the retina. If handled correctly, the vision will be improved to a significant level.