Ayurvedic Treatment for Retinitis Pigmentosa


Retinitis Pigmentosa is a very dangerous degenerative condition of the retina. So itself, prevention of the disease is not an easy task. 

The disease has a long but slow progress and if not handled in time by an experience hand, it is capable of leading to blindness. 

Degeneration of the retinal cells, especially the rod photo receptors is the primary change and later, the cone photo receptors also get involved.

In most cases, night blindness will be the initial symptom. Later, there will be decrease in the peripheral visual field and also the patient becomes the victim of colour blindness. In some cases, the central vision may persist until the last stage of the disease.

According to ayurvedic theory, this condition can be described in three stages.


  1. Stage of kapha predominance (kapha vidaghdha drishti) – In this stage, the predominant dosha is kapha and main symptom is night blindness. The treatment should be focused on kapha sodhana. If treated otherwise, the patient would be thrown into a dangerous situation.
  2. Stage of pitta-predominance with kapha anubandha – Here, other visual symptoms starts. Pitta also comes into the picture. Decrease in vision, decrease in visual field, colour blindness, etc. will be the main symptoms. Here, pitta-samana treatment should be implemented. According to the prakriti of the patient, and his habits, the treatment schedule may vary. Habit of bath, oil application on head, sleep, journey, etc should be rearranged to support the treatment.
  3. Third stage of tridosha predominance – In this stage, vata also get vitiated and symptoms of all the three doshas will be produced. There would be considerable decrease in vision, colour blindness, and also field loss. The patient will be in a stage where he cannot move freely. Only central vision will be persisting in most cases. Here, rasayana therapy should be the line of treatment. Vata-pitta samana, rasayana and chakshushya treatments are advised. Lifelong medications and treatments are necessary to prevent blindness once the disease has attained this stage.