Pre-diabetes Ayurvedic Treatment

The blood sugar level above normal (8-100mg/dl in fasting) but not up-to the point to be called diabetes is termed as pre-diabetes. If the fasting blood sugar level is between 100-125 mg/ dl, it is considered as pre-diabetes. People with pre-diabetes are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes but it is preventable with proper diet and lifestyle modification. Genetics and family history of diabetes are the possible causes. People with insulin resistance (waist size more than 40 inches for men and 35 inches for women, obesity, PCOS, etc), history of gestational diabetes etc are at risk. 

Pre-diabetes Signs and Symptoms 

This condition is often diagnosed during the investigation of other diseases as there are usually no abnormal symptoms. Some people have darkening of skin over neck, axillae or groins as a premonitory symptom. When pre-diabetic condition progresses to diabetes the person may experience excessive hunger/ thirst/ urination/ sweating, fatigue, numbness of hands/ fingers/ legs etc, frequent infections, unexplained weight loss etc. 

Pre-diabetes Ayurvedic Analysis

Prameha is the condition involving excessive and frequent urination, fatigue, sleepiness, etc. Dhatus (tissues) like mamsa (muscle), medas (fat) and kleda (body fluid) are vitiated due to unhealthy diet and lifestyle, and accumulated in vasthi (urinary bladder) resulting in prameha. Medas is the first dhatu which is getting vitiated and it is followed by changes in blood, lymph, bone marrow etc. In the prodromal stage there may be minor signs and symptoms which often get overlooked- eg: excess waste deposition in eyes, nose, teeth, burning sensation of hands and feet, sweet taste in mouth etc. Medovruddhi (vitiation of fat tissue) and kledavriddhi (vitiation of body fluid) are the conditions prior to prameha. If these two factors persist, eventually prameha will develop. But there is always a scope to correct these abnormalities by organised diet and lifestyle modification. 

Pre-diabetes Causative Factors (Ayurveda)

Just like prameha, the causative factors of medovruddhi and kledavriddhi are lack of physical activity, accustomed to sweet/ oily/ heavy/ cold foods, milk and dairy products, day sleep, stress, over-eating etc. Stress is the factor that is mostly overlooked. All these lead to srotorodha (blockage of channels). 

Possible Complications of Pre-diabetes Disease

Obviously, the complication of pre-diabetes is type 2 diabetes. But gradual damage of blood vessels, heart, kidneys etc happens in pre-diabetic people even without progression to diabetes. Silent attacks are common among these individuals. Other complications occur after progression to diabetes, which include cardiac diseases, kidney disorders, stroke, high cholesterol, damage to eyes, recurrent foot ulcers, etc. 

Other systemic diseases and precautions to be taken

Hypertension, low levels of good cholesterol (HDL) and high level of triglycerides increases the risk of pre-diabetes. 

Pre-diabetes Disease Management with Ayurveda Treatment

Early diagnosis ensures proper management of pre-diabetes with strict dietary as well as lifestyle modification. Management is focused on reducing weight, correcting agni, removing srotorodha, normalising medas and kleda in body. Internal medications along with rukshana (drying up of ama- eg: udwarthana/ massage with medicinal powders), snehana (oil massage), swedana (mild sudation therapy- eg: steam bath, dhanyamla dhara), nasya (nasal administration of medicine), virechana (purgation therapy), vasthi (enema with suitable drugs) etc. Yoga, meditation and pranayama are essential for controlling sugar level and body weight. If stress is a factor, psychotherapy helps a lot. Along with these, diet and lifestyle changes are to be incorporated. 


Light food which is easy to digest, containing very less amount of fat/oil, sugar, salt etc is recommended. Whole grains, vegetables, vegetable/ meat soup, fruits with less sugar etc should be included in diet. Avoid the consumption of oily, sweet, cold, very hot, heavy to digest items, dairy products, red meat, tubers etc. Drink enough water. Intermittent intake of light food is helpful to manage body weight and sugar level. 


Moderate exercise is much important to control blood sugar level as well as body weight. walking, yoga, jogging etc are beneficial. Follow the instructions of physician before planning exercise protocol. 

Pre-diabetes Preventive Aspects in Ayurveda

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat healthy nutritious food.
  • Ensure adequate sleep.
  • Maintain healthy body weight. 
  • Avoid sedentary habit, day sleep, and stress. 
  • Limit the consumption of alcohol.
  • Quit smoking. 

Importance of Diet

Diet is very much important in controlling blood sugar level and body weight. Frequent eating, consumption of heavy food, very cold or hot items, milk and dairy products, oily/ spicy food, red meat, fried items, junk and processed food, carbonated drinks etc increase the risk of pre-diabetes. Follow a strict diet plan as per the guidance of physician and avoid unhealthy fasting. 


  • Take more vegetables and whole grains.
  • Thoughtful consumption of dairy products, meat items, sweet fruits etc is recommended. 
  • Exercise more.
  • Avoid stress.
  • Avoid sedentary lifestyle, day sleep etc.
  • Stick on to a regular sleep-wake cycle.

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Matha Ayurveda Eye Hospital & Panchakarma Centre

Near Civil Station, Jayaprakash Ln, Kudappanakunnu, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695043

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Eye Hospital Road (Moongode - Meppukada Road), Moongode P O Near, Thachottukavu, Kerala 695573

Reception: 9562997799

Matha Ayurveda Eye Hospital - Eighteenth Stone

Near Tholicode, Trivandrum, 695541

Phone: 9847057575




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