Pitting Edema Ayurvedic Treatment

Oedema/ edema is the swelling of body parts/ whole body. It is of two types- pitting and non-pitting. If a pit/ dimple is developed at the oedematous body part after being compressed, it is pitting-oedema. Pitting oedema is often caused by accumulation of excess body fluid in bodily tissues due to blockage of blood vessels, kidney or liver diseases, congestive heart failure, lung diseases, problems in venous circulation, pregnancy, certain medication, physical inactivity, excess intake of dietary salt, injury etc. 

Pitting Edema Signs and Symptoms

The common signs and symptoms of pitting oedema include heaviness of body/ body part, shining of skin over the swelled body part, tenderness, warm skin, fatigue, difficulty to move the joints etc. In more serious condition, there may be breathing difficulty, chest pain or coughing. 

Pitting Edema Ayurvedic Analysis

Shopha (oedema) may be a sign of acute infections/ inflammation/ injuries etc, or an underlying health condition like pandu (anaemia), udara roga (diseases of abdominal organs like liver, spleen etc), complicated raktapitta (bleeding disorder), rajayakshma (emaciation), arsha (haemorrhoids), kaphaja mootraghata (disease related to urinary system), vidradhi (abscesses), vruddhi (enlargement of organs) etc. Kapha and vata are the vitiated dosha here. 

Pitting Edema Causative Factors (Ayurveda)

Common causative factors are excess intake of sweet/ salt/ sour taste, curd; incompatible food; unaccustomed food; day sleep, keeping awake at night; indigestion; lack of physical exertion; over-eating etc. 

Possible Complications of Pitting Edema Disease

If the pitting oedema is caused by serious illnesses which is poorly managed, it will lead to worsening of the condition or even death. 

Other systemic diseases and precautions to be taken

Consider other diseases like diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, kidney/ liver/ lung diseases, arthritis etc before starting treatment for reducing pitting oedema. 

Pitting Edema Disease Management with Ayurveda Treatment

Treat the underlying health condition first to get rid of pitting oedema. Uncomplicated cases can be treated with internal medications to improve agni, balance tridosha, remove srotorodha and ama if present. Along with this, procedures like snigdha virechana (purgation with suitable lipid formulation), nasya (nasal instillation of medicine), lepana (external application of powdered drugs), upanaha (bandage with suitable drugs), vasthi (enema) etc are also provided depending on the cause, state of dosha etc. 


Take food items having bitter and pungent tastes more. Include more whole grains, cow pea, Boerhavia diffusa, curry leaves, buttermilk, bitter gourd, snake gourd, ivy gourd, ash gourd etc in diet. Reduce the consumption of sweet/ salt/ sour food, heavy to digest food, cold food, curd etc. 


In uncomplicated cases, mild to moderate exercise is recommended to practice regularly. Yoga, pranayama, and meditation are also beneficial. 

Pitting Edema Preventive Aspects in Ayurveda

Follow a healthy lifestyle- eat healthy, maintain healthy body weight, exercise regularly, avoid sedentary habit, sleep in legs slightly elevated position, reduce the intake of dietary salt and alcohol, quit smoking, ensure adequate sleep, drink enough water. 

Importance of Diet

Certain food items can worsen the condition, and hence choose the right food with the help of physician. 


Limit the consumption of salt in diet. Exercise regularly if health permits. Avoid prolonged sitting of standing. Avoid smoking and alcoholism. Use compressions over the site of oedema. Apply suitable lepana over the affected part. Control blood pressure and diabetes, and take care of other underlying diseases that caused oedema.

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