Polyarthritis Ayurvedic Treatment

Inflammation of multiple joints (more than 5) is known as polyarthritis. It may be acute or chronic and caused by many factors such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout, SLE, cancer, sarcoidosis, certain infections like chikungunya etc. 

Polyarthritis Signs and Symptoms

Common signs and symptoms are multiple joint pain (symmetrical or asymmetrical), swelling, tender joints, stiffness, fever, discolouration of skin over the inflamed joint, rashes, lymph node enlargement etc. 

Polyarthritis Ayurvedic Analysis 

Vatashonita in Ayurveda is a condition characterised by pain and swelling of multiple joints which may be acute (Utthana) or chronic (Gambheera) in nature. Small joints are affected first, and then other joints are also involved. Vata and rakta are vitiated here to develop the disease. 

Polyarthritis Causative Factors (Ayurveda)

The etiological factors of vatashonita are intake of vidahi ahara (food items that cause burning sensation in stomach during or after digestion), viruddha ahara (incompatible food), food items that cause vitiation of blood (eg: very hot food, sour food, fermented food etc); altered sleep habits; trauma; dietary and behavioural practices that vitiate vata (eg: eating cold/ dry/ light food, travelling a lot, exposure to cold and wind) etc. Those who are living a sedentary lifestyle and with delicate body are prone to develop vatashonita. Common features include discolouration of skin, excessive or reduced sweating, fatigue, loose joints, pain/ itching/ tingling sensation/ heaviness/ numbness over knee/ ankles/ hip/ thighs/ shoulders/ arms etc, which recur frequently with episodes of relief. 

Possible Complications of Polyarthritis Disease

Chronic cases may result in severe pain, difficulty to perform day-to-day activities, poor quality of life, depression, and damage of other organs like eye (dry eyes, scleritis etc), skin (eg: rashes), lungs (eg: shortness of breath) etc. 

Other systemic diseases and precautions to be taken

Consider other conditions such as fibromyalgia, Raynaud’s disease, Dupuytren’s contracture, etc before planning the treatment. 

Polyarthritis Disease Management with Ayurveda Treatment

Internal medication along with procedures like rukshana (if ama is present), snehana (internal and/ or external oleation therapy), swedana (sudation therapy- eg: dhanyamla dhara), virechana (purgation therapy), raktamoksha (blood-letting), vasthi (enema with suitable drugs), lepana (external application of medicine) etc are provided to manage the disease. In associated mental distress psychotherapy, yoga, meditation and pranayama are given as supportive treatments. 


Include more millets and whole grains, green vegetables, sweet fruits, meat and vegetable soup in diet. Limit the consumption of sour, salty, spicy food, curd, dairy products, tubers, Bengal gram, peas etc. 


Mild to moderate exercises are recommended to practice regularly. 

Polyarthritis Preventive Aspects in Ayurveda

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Avid sedentary habit.
  • Eat healthy nutritious food. Limit the intake of spicy, cold, very hot, fermented food. 
  • Avoid day-sleep.
  • Practice oil massage all over the body before bath. 
  • Limit the consumption of alcohol, vinegar etc. 
  • Avoid continuous travelling especially with hanged legs. 
  • Control anger, sadness, jealousy etc. 

Importance of Diet

Certain food items can trigger the symptoms. Avoid those items during and after treatment. 


  • Follow the dietary guidelines of physician.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Ensure adequate sleep. Avoid day-sleep and stress. 
  • Avoid sedentary lifestyle.
  • Do not travel for long period with legs hanged down.

Practice abhyanga (oil massage), nasya (nasal instillation of medicines) etc as per the instruction of physician.

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