Polymyositis Ayurvedic Treatment

Inflammation of body muscles is called Polymyositis, and it affects both sides of the body equally. Adults are the common victims. Polymyositis has no specific treatment, and hence only symptomatic management is provided. 

Polymyositis Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms/ signs of polymyositis develop gradually. Weakness of muscles close to the central body (eg: shoulder muscles, hip muscles, thigh muscles etc) is the peculiar sign of polymyositis. Both sides of the body involve equally at a time and the weakness get worsens over time. The person feels difficulty to perform simple activities like getting up from a seat or holding objects. 

Polymyositis Ayurvedic Analysis

Mamsadhatu kshaya causes reduced bulk and strength of the mamsadhatu (muscle tissue). Vyana vayu is the coordinator of all activities in the body and when it got masked (avarana) by pitta, it produces daha (burning sensations/ inflammation), klama (weakness) and cheshta sanga (reduced activities). 

Polymyositis Causative Factors (Ayurveda)

The reduced power of vata (Vyana) due to masking effect of  pitta interferes with mamsadhatu poshana (nourishment of muscle tissue)

Possible Complications of Polymyositis Disease

Chronic polymyositis will lead to difficulty with swallowing food or drinks, breathing etc. Food particles may get trapped inside the airway resulting in aspiration pneumonia. Heart problems (like myocarditis, cardiac arrythmia, heart failure etc), lung diseases and cancer often develop in people with polymyositis. 

Other systemic diseases and precautions to be taken

Rheumatoid arthritis, SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus), Sjogren’s syndrome etc are often associated with polymyositis. They should be considered before planning treatment. 

Polymyositis Disease Management with Ayurveda Treatment

The pitta should be pacified first. Internal medications, snehana and swedana followed by virechana can reduce pitta. Then procedures to normalize Vyana vayu and nourish the mamsa dhatu are incorporated. They include nasya, vasthi (with decoction and oil), lepana etc. Along with these, supportive therapies like physiotherapy, yoga and meditation are provided. 

Diet

The diet must have whole grains, pulses and legumes, nuts, fruits, milk and dairy products that improve muscle nourishment. Avoid very light, hot, dry food items. Drink plenty of water.

Exercise

Exercise is importance to retain the muscle strength. Follow the suggestions of physician and indulge in mild to moderate exercise, yoga and pranayama. 

Polymyositis Preventive Aspects in Ayurveda

This is not a preventable condition as its exact cause is not known. But, proper care of other autoimmune diseases (like SLE) may help to prevent the development of polymyositis. Follow a healthy diet pattern and exercise daily to improve the immunity. 

Importance of Diet

Consumption of food articles that nourishes muscles is important for those suffering from polymyositis. 

Lifestyle 

People with polymyositis should avoid tiring works. Eat healthy diet containing more protein. Exercise regularly. Take adequate rest in between works. Drink more water. Apply nourishing oils over the body and massage gently before bath.

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