Cold and Rhinitis in Children Ayurvedic Treatment

Cold is a very common health issue among children. In fact, cold is upper respiratory tract (including nose, pharynx, larynx, sinuses, trachea) infection which is usually caused by viruses. A virus can spread from an already infected individuals to a healthy child via droplets of saliva or mucous as they cough or sneeze, or by close contact. 

Rhinitis is an allergic reaction characterised by running nose, nasal congestion, sneezing and itching followed by inflammation of the mucous membrane of nose and throat. In children, allergic rhinitis is a very common problem when they get exposed to potential allergens like dust, pollen, etc. These allergens are not harmful to body but the immune system misinterprets them as hazardous substances and starts to respond. 

Cold and Rhinitis in Children Signs and Symptoms

A child having cold may show symptoms/ signs like running nose, sneezing, low grade fever especially during night, loss of appetite, cough, throat pain which cause difficulty in swallowing saliva/ food/ drinks, etc. In more serious cases the child may have severe breathing difficulty, cyanosis, ear pain, persistent cough, high grade fever etc. The signs and symptoms of rhinitis include running nose, nasal congestion, sneezing and itching of nostrils/ ears/ throat/ eyes.

Cold and Rhinitis in Children Ayurvedic Analysis

Pratishyaya (running nose and cold) is a Nasaroga (disease affecting nose) in Ayurveda. Depending on the predominant dosha dushti (vitiated dosha), the symptoms of pratishyaya varies. Vatika pratishyaya causes severe sneezing, dryness of mouth, nasal congestion and pain, headache, tooth ache, difficulty to talk, clear sputum etc. The signs and symptoms of paittika pratishyaya are fever, burning sensation all over the body, giddiness, yellowish discolouration of mucous etc. The features oh kaphaja pratishyaya are cough, breathing difficulty, tastelessness, heaviness of body, vomiting, sweet taste in mouth, thick white mucous etc. 

Cold and Rhinitis in Children Causative Factors (Ayurveda)

The causes of pratishyaya are mist, wind, dust, excess talk, excess sleep or sleeplessness, very high or low pillow, drinking polluted water, excessive exposure to cold water, and suppression of urges of vomiting and sneezing. 

Possible Complications of Cold and Rhinitis in Children

Common complications of cold are bronchiolitis, pneumonia etc. the major complications of rhinitis include disturbed sleep, problems with learning and poor quality of life. 

Other systemic diseases and precautions to be taken

Check whether the child is immunodeficient if there are recurrent episodes of cold and rhinitis. 

Cold and Rhinitis in Children Disease Management with Ayurveda Treatment

The management is focused on removing ama and improve agni. Internal medications are enough to treat the condition. In chronic cases, procedures like swedana, dhoomapana (inhalation of medicinal fumes), gandusha (gargling with medicines) etc are provided. 


The diet of the child suffering from cold and rhinitis must be easy to digest, warm and semi-solid or liquid in consistency. Ensure adequate hydration. Include more fruit juices, and vegetables in diet. Avoid cold food, curd, spicy food etc. 


The sick child is not supposed to perform any exercise. They should take adequate rest. 

Cold and Rhinitis in Children Preventive Aspects in Ayurveda

Avoid the exposure to causative factors like dust, polluted water, etc. Train the child to maintain personal hygiene- cover the nose and mouth while coughing or sneezing, avoid close contact with infected people, sanitize hands after touching any surface/ after coughing or sneezing, eat healthy food, and drink plenty of water. Regular exercise can improve immunity and thereby help preventing infections. 

Importance of Diet

The selection of food is important during the episode of cold/ rhinitis as the digestive power is low at this time. Do not take heavy food soon after relieving the symptoms, as the digestive fire is still weak. Follow the instructions of the physician in choosing the right diet. 


  • Ensure adequate rest.
  • Cover the face while coughing or sneezing.
  • Avoid close contact with infected people in order to prevent infection. 
  • Eat healthy food, drink plenty of water.
  • Wash hands and fingers after sneezing or coughing.

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